Labour Day is a public holiday in the city-state of Monaco. The roots of Labour Day go back to the labour movements of the 19th Century.
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The origin of the holiday is the 4 May 1886 Haymarket Massacre during a labour protest in Chicago, USA. As the world industrialised in the mid to late 1800’s, the dismal working conditions in many factories led to a protest movement.
The Haymarket Massacre became a key moment in the movement, leading to the establishment of Labour Day, then called “International Workers Day”, to demand things like an 8-hour work day, safer working conditions, and increased pay.
Attending labour marches, listening to Labour Day speeches by public officials, or even joining in a workers’ protest are commonly done on this holiday. But those not interested in participating in these activities may just take the day off for a mini-vacation and think little of its significance.
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