Every 1 March is Independence Day in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The day looks back to the date in 1992 when Bosnia declared its independence from Yugoslavia, when that former nation broke apart.
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Following World War I, Bosnia was made a part of the newly formed country of Yugoslavia. But soon, there was a Bosnian independence movement, and the repressionist actions of the Communist Yugoslav regime only increased the desire for an independent Bosnian republic.
As Bosnia and Herzegovina has a large number of Croats and Serbs living in it, there were plans to divide it between the states of Croatia and Serbia, within Yugoslavia. But instead, the Nazis invaded and gave the whole of Bosnia to Croatia, which assisted the invaders in punishing their old rivals the Serbs. Many Bosnian Jews and Serbs died.
And after independence, there were atrocities and wars that raged in the region from 1992 to 2001. But today, there is a relatively peaceful coexistence of Bosnian Muslims, Serbs, and Croats.